Green houses are homes that are environmentally friendly and offer well – is you need to feel them as a home.
How do they make it possible? With materials, construction process, or use of energy resources … The result is spaced with minimal environmental impact. What would you like to live in them? Get to know them thoroughly.
Green houses and the construction criteria that make them unique
There are a number of building guidelines that identify green houses and make them planet-friendly homes.
1. Bioclimatic architecture
A bioclimatic house adapts its design to climatic conditions. Thus you can optimize the natural resources in the environment where it is located and obtain an energy benefit.
The energy efficiency of a house is related to its layout on the ground. For this reason, the location of the ecological houses is adapted to the daily passage of the sun or pay attention to the air currents.
3. Sun protection
An eco-construction regulates the proportion of direct light that enters it and prevents an excess of it.
4. Use of the green houses effect in ecological houses
Passive solar heating takes advantage of its operation. Can you imagine how it is produced inside your home?
- The sun’s radiation enters your home through the windows.
- Heats materials with high thermal inaction.
- The heat they emit does not go to the outside.
- By being trapped inside, the temperature inside increases.
5. Insulation and sealing
Without them, your house will be an igloo in winter and a sauna in summer. If they are adequate, you will avoid thermal bridges between the interior and the exterior.
Green houses adjust their insulation to the climate and location. Likewise, they monitor the sealing of the joints of the materials.
No heat exchange or air leaks contribute to lower energy consumption.
6. Use of the thermal inertia of materials
Materials have a greater or lesser capacity to capture and accumulate energy in the form of heat throughout the day and release it at night.
Eco-friendly houses take advantage of this quality of the construction components:
- In winter, they will keep the interior warm by diffusing the heat.
- In summer, the heat is removed at night by airing the house.
What are ecological houses like? Write down 4 characteristics that will allow you to recognize them!
Buildings with a green soul have a series of innate traits that express their interest in promoting environmental well-being.
1. Little or no energy consumption from non-renewable sources
According to Eurostat, more than 40% of the electricity used in the EU originates from the burning of fossil fuels. The consumption of energy from primary sources implies CO2 emissions into the atmosphere.
In the construction process and stage of use of the ecological house:
- A lower cost of conventional energy is encouraged.
- It is committed to renewable sources.
It is common for people who opt for sustainable living models to use air conditioning or heating installations from clean energies such as solar or geothermal.
2. Efficient management of water resources
Rainwater harvesting and storage methods or wastewater utilization systems are common in this type of property.
3. Reduction of environmental impact
The objective of sustainable architecture is to reduce its footprint on nature so as not to disturb the balance of flora and fauna.
- Certificates to guarantee its respectful origin.
4. Green houses and their innovative design
The ecological architecture stands out for a design that combines natural and healthy materials because they lack chemicals that alter your health, along with sustainable technology.
Home automation, green facades, or photovoltaic panels are formulas for individuals and families to reduce spending, insulate their homes or obtain green energy supplies.
Types of ecological houses according to the construction materials
Materials determine the types of green houses you can find. How many do you know?
It starts from a wooden structure. And the walls, made of straw, are plastered with a mass of lime or mud that will act as an external barrier.
- Straw is a very affordable and prolific natural material.
- It offers greater thermal insulation than wood or adobe. And it facilitates the perspiration of the house.
The wood is natural, renewable, has capacity insulation and hygroscopic .
The latter makes your home maintain correct indoor humidity. But for this, it should not be treated with a varnish that clogs its pore.
The beams and pillars are dimensioned so that there is a greater surface in contact with the fire. And the current construction regulations ensure that there are no fires caused by construction deficiencies.
Brick firing is very energy intensive. That is why bio-construction opts for unfired clay bricks.
The technique they use is very simple: they are placed in the sun and it performs the drying task.
Adobe bricks, made with mud and straw, or compacted earth are some examples.
- Unlike the previous two, it is not hygroscopic.
- Nor does it stand out for its thermal capacity.
- And its environmental footprint is considerable (great energy to produce it and it uses steel bars).
It doesn’t sound like a very eco-friendly material, does it?
But there is concrete where the cement is replaced by rice husk ash. It will offer you thermal insulation and resistance to moisture and fire.
An ecological house watches over you and your environment. It offers you comfort, a healthy and quality environment. The environment benefits from the use of natural, renewable, or recycled materials. And, the plant origin, of some of them, makes them absorb carbon dioxide during their growth. Can you ask for more?